In this longitudinal cohort study of more than 1 million men in Sweden, a higher resting heart rate in late adolescence was associated with an increased risk for subsequent obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders, whereas a lower resting heart rate in late adolescence was associated with an increased risk for substance use disorders and violent criminality. Similar associations were observed with systolic/diastolic blood pressure.
Read the full paper here.
Latvala A, Kuja-Halkola R, Rück C, D’Onofrio BM, Jernberg T, Almqvist C, Mataix-Cols D, Larsson H, Lichtenstein P. Association of Resting Heart Rate and Blood Pressure in Late Adolescence With Subsequent Mental DisordersA Longitudinal Population Study of More Than 1 Million Men in Sweden. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online October 26, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.2717
A new study on risk factors at birth associated with developing OCD later has just been published in JAMA Psychiatry. Over 2 million children were followed and we studied perinatal data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and included maternal smoking during pregnancy, labor presentation, obstetric delivery, gestational age (for preterm birth), birth weight, birth weight in relation to gestational age, 5-minute Apgar score, and head circumference. A range of perinatal risk factors were associated with a higher risk for OCD independent of shared familial confounders, suggesting that perinatal risk factors may be in the causal pathway to OCD.
Read the full story here.
Brander G, Rydell M, Kuja-Halkola R, Fernández de la Cruz L, Lichtenstein P, Serlachius E, Rück C, Almqvist C, D’Onofrio BM, Larsson H, Mataix-Cols D. Association of Perinatal Risk Factors With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Population-Based Birth Cohort, Sibling Control Study. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online October 05, 2016. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.2095
Proud first author Gustaf Brander
Christian Rück presented the groups work on Internet-based CBT for OCD and related disorders – effective therapy made available and going global.
Christian Rück is speaking Monday Sept 19 at 0900-1040 in the “Obsessive-compulsive disorder: clinical heterogeneity and innovative treatment approaches”-symposium. The title of his presentation is “How can psychological interventions for OCD patients be more accessible and outcomes improved?” Welcome.
EABCT, or European Association for Behaviourial and Cognitive Therapies, is hosting their 46th conference this weekend. The conference takes place at the Waterfront Congress Centre in Stockholm, Sweden. Representatives from our team will of course be present at the congress, see you there!
New Developments in Hoarding Disorder: Heritability, Developmental Course, Risk Factors, and Treatment Approaches
Volen Ivanov will present findings from his research and join the discussion in this symposium, which is hosted by Lorena Fernandez de la Cruz in our close research network. David Mataix-Cols will participate as a discussant at this symposium.
Vård av Psykisk Ohälsa i Sverige – Aktuell Situation och Framtida Utmaningar
Group Leader Christian Rück participates in this discussion, which will be held in Swedish.
Lina Lundström and Oskar Flygare will present their poster at Saturday’s poster session. Come talk to them and ask critical questions about their study protocol!
Recent Advances on Cognitive-Behavioural Mechanisms and Treatment of Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Jesper Enander from our team will join the panel discussion at this symposium, together with David Mataix-Cols in our near network.
In a recent study published in Molecular Psychiatry, members of our group and colleagues at Karolinska Institutet have looked at suicide in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The study compared rates of suicide among 36 788 patients with OCD and matched controls without an OCD diagnosis.
The risk of dying by suicide was found to be about 10 times higher in patients with OCD (OR = 9.83 (95% CI, 8.72-11.08). Patients with OCD were also about 5 times more likely to attempt suicide (OR = 5.45 (05% CI, 5.24-5.67). The risk was marginally attenuated in women compared to men.
Lorena Fernández de la Cruz and her co-authors also note that the increased risk of death by suicide
“… remained substantial after adjusting for different groups of psychiatric comorbidities that are already known to be associated with suicide. In fact, 43% of the individuals from the OCD cohort who died by suicide did not have any other recorded psychiatric comorbidity.” (p. 4)
They argue that OCD is associated with an increased risk of death by suicide in its own right. The main predictor for dying by suicide was a previous suicide attempt.
The message for clinicians is clear:
“OCD should be added to the list of psychiatric disorders that are known to increase the risk of suicide in their own right. Suicide risk needs to be carefully monitored in these patients, particularly in those who have previously attempted suicide.” (p. 6)
The paper is freely available here.
During March 16th & 17th, clinicians and researchers from across Sweden gathered at Hesselby Slott to facilitate the launch of a big OCD genetics project. The goal is to gather DNA from 5000 Swedish pediatric and adult patients in order to gain new insights regarding the etiology of OCD and related disorders. The event was organized by Assoc. Prof. Christian Rück & Prof. David Mataix-Cols, principal investigators in the project.
Special guest Associate Professor Jim Crowley (University of North Carolina) gave an introduction to genetic research in OCD and other psychiatric disorders. Clinicians & researchers from all over Sweden also presented their work on OCD and related disorders.
Svenska OCD nätverksmötet 2016
16-17 mars arrangerades ett nätverksmöte för kliniker och forskare inom OCD och relaterade tillstånd. Mötet ägde rum på Hesselby Slott utanför Stockholm med docent Christian Rück och professor David Mataix-Cols som värdar.
Målet för mötet var dels att knyta nya kontakter mellan verksamma inom området och dra lärdomar av varandras arbeten. Nätverksmötet innebar också starten för en stor insamling av genetiska data för patienter med OCD och relaterade tillstånd.
We have just launched our first study of a English-language version of our BDD treatment that has been shown to be effective in Swedish studies.
It is a 12-week internet-based CBT treatment that is open for adults with Body Dysmorhic Disorder (BDD). Read more about BDD and how to register for the study at bddstudy.com.
At this time, the study is open to residents of Sweden only. We are hoping that it will open to international participants in the future.
Det har vid flera tillfällen på senare tid rapporterats om tvångstankar kring mordfall.
Här har vi samlat några av de artiklar i ämnet som förklarar varför detta är fel, tvångstankar/tvångssyndrom är inte förknippat med fler brott eller något känt mordfall.
En svensk studie som inte såg ökad risk för våldsbrott vid tvångssyndrom hittar du här.